The Computer-Based National Examination (UNBK), also known as the Computer-Based Test (CBT), is a national examination system that uses computers as the test media. In its implementation, UNBK is different from the paper-based national examination system or Paper Based Test (PBT) which has been running so far.
The first UNBK was held in 2014 online and was limited to Singapore Indonesia Middle School and Kuala Lumpur Indonesia Middle School (SIKL). The results of the implementation of UNBK in both schools are quite encouraging and increasingly encouraging to increase student literacy towards ICT (Information and Communication Technology). Subsequently, in 2015 the UNBK pilot project was implemented, involving 556 schools consisting of 42 SMP / MTs, 135 SMA / MA, and 379 SMK in 29 Provinces and Overseas. In 2016 UNBK was implemented by involving 4382 schools consisting of 984 SMP / MTs, 1298 SMA / MA, and 2100 SMK. The number of schools participating in the 2017 UNBK jumped sharply to 30,577 schools consisting of 11,096 SMP / MTs, 9,652 SMA / MA and 9,829 SMK. The increasing number of UNBK schools in 2017 is in line with the resource sharing policy issued by the Ministry of Education and Culture which allows schools with limited computer facilities to implement UNBK in other schools with adequate computer facilities.
The current UNBK is using a semi-online system, which is a matter of being sent from a central server online via a network (synchronization) to a local server (school), then student exams are served by a local server (school) offline. Then the test results are sent back from the local server (school) to the central server online (uploaded).